The 80mm f/4 Macro features outstanding resolution, and flat field correction required for copying flat artwork with edge-to-edge sharpness. The built-in helicoids extension allows focusing from infinity to 1/2 life size magnification. With optional Macro-spacer N, the 80mm f/4 Macro focuses from 1/2 to 1:1 life size magnification. Applications include copy work, macro and close-up photography of all objects from product photography to flowers. Fashion and beauty photographers find the 80mm f/4 Macro particularly useful for a variety of subject close-ups and normal shots. An extremely versatile lens, the 80mm f/4 macro can also operate as an excellent normal focal length lens focusing to infinity for portraits, landscapes and general-purpose photography. With the Auto Bellows N, magnifications to 3X life size are possible.