(Brereton, Cheshire, England)
Engraved and lithographed from an original drawing by Joseph Nash
For "Mansions of England in the Olden Time"
Produced by Henry Sotheran & Co. London.
This item comprises the lithograph as described above in good condition.
This is a genuine antique being over 130 years old - NOT a modern reproduction.
Overall Size:- 10" x 14" including the margins.
Image Size:- 7" x 10" approx
About the Subject...
Brereton Hall is a country house to the north of the village of Brereton Green, adjacent to St Oswald's Church, in the civil parish of Brereton, Cheshire, England.
It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade I listed building.
The manor of Bretune is listed in Domesday Book. The house dates from 1586, the date inscribed over the entrance. It was built for Sir William Brereton (1550–1631), created Baron Brereton of Leighlin, Co. Carlow in 1624. A portrait of Sir William, dated 1579, with a cameo of Queen Elizabeth in his cap, is at the Detroit Institute of Arts. William, 3rd Lord Brereton (1631–1679) was a distinguished man of letters and a founder of the Royal Society. His younger son, Francis, 5th Lord Brereton, died a bachelor in 1722, ending the Brereton family male line.
The house passed to the Bracebridge family, and as Bracebridge Hall re-sited in Yorkshire, it featured in a historical fiction of Washington Irving.
In 1817 it was purchased by a Manchester industrialist, John Howard. He made alterations in 1829 to the exterior and interior in Regency style. Further alterations were made in the late 19th century. In the 20th century it was a girls' boarding school. After this closed in July 1992, it was the retreat of a pop star who built a recording studio at the back.
Since 2005 it has been a private family home and is not open to the public.
The house is one of a genre of splendid Elizabethan and Jacobean houses built for dynastic display called "prodigy houses".
It is built in brick with stone dressings, formerly in a E-plan, of which the central wing has been demolished and replaced with a 19th-century conservatory. The front range has a lead roof; the cross-wings are roofed in slate. The front range has a basement and two storeys with a turreted central gateway. The octagonal turrets are linked by a bridge and are embattled (before 1829 they were surmounted by cupolas).
Over the entrance are the royal arms of Elizabeth I in a panel, which are flanked by the Tudor rose and the Beaufort portcullis.
Beyond the entrance is a lower hall and a grand staircase leading to a long gallery which runs along the front of the house. This leads to the drawing room which contains a frieze with nearly 50 coats of arms and a chimney piece carved with the Brereton emblem, a muzzled bear. Two fireplaces elsewhere are carved in a Serlian manner.
The former study of the 2nd Lord Brereton contains a richly carved alabaster fireplace
About the Artist....
Joseph Nash (17 December 1809 – 19 December 1878) was an English watercolour painter and lithographer, specialising in historical buildings.
His major work was the large folio of "Mansions of England in the Olden Time", first published from 1839-49.
Nash was born in Great Marlow in Buckinghamshire, the oldest son of the Reverend Okey Nash who owned Manor House School in Croydon which Joseph went on to attend. He later studied with the artist and architect Augustus Charles Pugin, with whom he travelled to France to assist and prepare architectural drawings for a book entitled "Paris and its Environs", published in 1830.
In the early stage of his career Nash was engaged on figure subjects illustrating the poets and novelists, and exhibited many drawings with the Society of Painters in Water Colours, of which he was elected an associate in 1834, and a full member in 1842. Of these pictures, some were engraved for "The Keepsake" and similar publications, but he later became well-known for his picturesque views of late Gothic buildings, which he peopled with figures grouped to illustrate the everyday life of their owners in times gone by - somewhat in the manner of George Cattermole. Despite being involved in a number of disputes with the Society, he continued to exhibit his artwork there until 1875.
He also exhibited at the Royal Academy, British Institution and the New watercolour Society.
Having mastered the art of lithography, Nash utilised it in the production of several excellent publications: "Architecture of the Middle Ages" appeared in 1838, and his four-volume masterpiece, "Mansions of England in the Olden Time" over a 10 year period from 1839, which involved Nash's travelling all over the country drawing house interiors and exteriors. He concentrated on the architectural aspects of the buildings, which, using the example of Joseph Strutt, he brought to life with the inclusion of groups of people. The volumes were very popular, with the lithographs circulated widely by newspapers, architects and other artists.
The book was so effective it was claimed in Parliament that it was causing an increasing number of people to visit historical buildings.
In 1846 he lithographed David Wilkie's "Oriental Sketches" and in 1848 a set of views of Windsor Castle from his own drawings. Other works to which Nash contributed were Lawson's "Scotland Delineated" (1847–54), "Comprehensive Pictures of the Great Exhibition of 1851", McDermot's "The Merrie Days of England" (1858-9), and "Engish Ballads" (1864).
In 1854 he was described as suffering from "brain fever" and sold his studio later that year - the quality of his work declined dramatically from then on. He died at Hereford Road, Bayswater, London on 19 December 1878, having just a few months before been awarded a civil list pension of £100.
His only son, Joseph Nash Jnr., was a marine painter and also a member of the "Royal Institute of Painters in Water-Colours".
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